Fishing Safety

A Brown Bear Fishing


Fish Safe, Catch Big.

Stan Vern went fishing in Long Island Sound in the afternoon with his buddy one foggy fall day. They were catching good and didn’t pay much attention to how far they were from the shore. The water was calm, there was no wind, it was just the fog. Stan’s GPS was not working too good but usually he doesn’t even look at the GPS to find his way back because high chimney in Bridgeport Power Station always shows him which way to go. After the sun went down Stan realized they could see no light at all. He followed his instinct and started the motor and after going for about an hour he found no land no lights. They both panicked and realized they had to call 911. Stan turned the boat around and his buddy called 911. After about half an hour a coast guard helicopter showed up, they followed the chopper and came back to the shore. Fortunately they had enough fuel.
Lot of things can go wrong when fishing. People go missing, get chased by bear or other wild animals, get snake bites, falls in freezing water, get fishing hook in eye and so on. There are numerous way an angler can get hurt when fishing.
Whatever you do, where ever you do it, safety is the most important thing to keep in mind. You may not have to worry much about safety when you are watching a movie in your comfortable living room or playing games in your game console but when you are involved in an outdoor activity you have to pay special attention to safety. An angler will use hooks, knife, clipper or pliers, lead head with hooks, many different types of lures all of these can pose a danger if not handled properly. Fishing lines can cut like razor, especially the braided lines. An angler will hike and go to new places to fish when site fishing and on a boat and angler will move around and try fishing in different places.
In this article we will discuss fishing safety and things you need to focus when fishing.

Know about yourself

The very first thing to think about when preparing for fishing is knowing about yourself. How healthy are you ? Are you ready for the mile long hike to get to the fishing spot ? Do you know how to swim? Do you need to keep few pieces of aspirin in your pocket ? Can you tolerate the temperature out side ? If you are going fishing all by yourself, will you be okay fishing all by yourself ? My be you want to call you buddy to join the fishing trip.

Dress for fishing


Dress for the weather. The last thing you want to do on a fishing trip is retreat because your dress is not right for the weather. When fishing in the sea on a boat, its better to put on long sleeve shirts even on sunny days. If using short sleeve make sure you use enough sun block. Sub burns can be very painful and when the dead skins starts to peel off, they look very ugly. In cooler days its good to use thermal undies and then put on lairs of cloths. Put on an extra layer, during fishing if you feel too warm, take some of them off. Temperature and especially wind chill can be a stunning 20 degrees lower at the river or the sea than areas away from the water. In cooler weathers double socks helps a lot especially if you are fishing in waders in late fall, winter and early spring. When fishing, water proof shoes helps a lot too. The more pockets you have on your dress, the more stuff you will be able to have on you, so a fishing vest can be very useful. Avoid using any kind of perfume or body spray as they can attract unwanted attention from wild life at the fishing spot.

Fishing gear and your tackle box

Take the baits and tackles you will need for the type of fish you are going for. Take few different types of bait’s and tackles. Because in different conditions different baits will work good for you.
You will be making a mistake if you only concentrate on baits and tackles when getting your tackle box ready for the fishing trip. Some items I would suggest you to have with you when fishing are a first aid kit, a flash light and battery, cell phone, a tourniquet or a strong shoe lace like string, a knife. If you are going fishing far into the mountains, have a GPS and map with you. If you have a heart that may require special attention take some aspirin with you. Depending on the place you are going fishing, you might want to take a bear spray as well.

Know about your fishing spot

When preparing for a fishing trip, think about the place you are going fishing. Learn about the landscape. Any wild life you might have to think about. One late summer day I was fishing in some rocky up river waters. I was doing so good that decided to fish late. Just before the last rays of the sun disappeared I saw a large bear with a cub crossing the river about 200 yards away. I packed up and left the place right away. Before you go fishing to a new place, learn about the wild life in that area, learn about the water depth you might fish in. most of all learn about the DEP regulations. How far is the nearest hospital ? In case you need help, how long it might take to get help? Are you fishing on a personal property? If yes, do you have permission from the owner ? Is the water contaminated ? Is it okay to eat the fish you will catch there?

When fishing

Fishing is fun and relaxing. Do you fishing in a relaxing fashion. Pay attention to your movement. Watch your steps all the times. And use common sense. In one of my fishing trips I saw a fellow angler falling in the water when he went to wash his hands stepping on a rock completely covered in wet moss. Looking at his going to step on the rock I knew he will slip on that rock, he ended up dating a dip in that cold mid fall New England water. Needless to say, make sure your cast doesn’t hit any one around you.
Summer 2011, I was fishing at the mouth of Housatonic river, CT. I was fishing on a rock formation and the tide was coming in. I was so lost in fishing that I didn’t realize the tide was covering my way back to the shore. When I noticed, it was already too late. I was in my wader but the water between the rock formation and the beach was too deep to cross. I ended up fishing on that spot the entire high tide and then when the next low tide started to set in, I made my way back to the beach. Fortunately the weather was not too bad for the extended fishing hours. My three hour fishing trip turned into a seven hour fishing trap.
If you are fishing in tidal waters, make sure you check the tide chart before you go fishing. To catch some fish in tidal water you will have to check the tide table anyway because when the tide is full or completely low your chance of catching any game fish is very slim. Try to do some research on water current. Hidden currents can be deadly in tidal waters. Followings are some of the things you need to watch out for when fishing in tidal water:
a. Tide chart
b. water depth
c. hidden water current
d. Underwater mud puddles or quick sands.
e. vegetation in the water.
f. water snakes.

Use your fishing senses

When fishing, keep your eyes open and use your senses, your nose could be a very useful sensor when fishing. In one of my fishing trips, I was doing good and didn’t pay much attention to the funky smell I was getting. When the smell got stronger I started looking at the bush behind me and found a raccoon family was watching my every move. Watch out for snakes when you are fishing.
The best and most effective way of fishing safe is “Use Common Sense”. Happy Fishing.

Lures for Bass Fishing: Right Lure lands Big

Large Mouth Bass


Use the Right Bass Lure at the Right Place

The excitement and amateur nature of bass fishing have made this sport one of the most attractive among the outdoor lovers. Because of availability of bass fishing places and with the technological development of bass fishing equipment bass fishing has grown tremendously in popularity in recent years. Like many other game fish, lures and bait for bass fishing will vary based on what type of bass you are fishing for, weather conditions, time of the day, sun light, location of fishing, depth of water etc. The following suggestions are designed to make your bass fishing gear selection easy and effective.

Bass Fishing Jigs

Jigs with heavy lead heads with single hook are preferred choice for many bass anglers. bass fishing jigs
This is the most useful and easy to use bait for bass fishing. Jigs and lead heads are available in many different colors, so using a bright colored jig in murky water or low light conditions and less bright color jigs in clear water or bright light conditions will produce good result. Bass angler must remember that jigs are designed with presentation in mind, so when using them make the correct movement and you will be able to get hit from the lazy bass sitting down in the water or the one’s that are hiding in depth.

Bass Fishing with Rubber Worms

Almost all fish love worms for food. For anglers who don’t want to handle real worms, rubber worm is the way to go. Rubber Worm for Fishing
The weight of the lead head with the rubber worms makes it easy to cast and will take the worm to the bottom slowly. Some worm will come without a lead head and they are build to be used without a lead head, the weight of the worm will do the job. Usually bass strikes when the worm is descending. If no strike occurs and the bait hit’s the bottom, just reel it and cast again. Rubber eels work great for Bass too.

Bass Fishing with Spinner Bait

Spinner baits are baits with a metal attachments that spins during reeling. Spinner Bait for BassCrank Bait for BassPopper for FishingRubber GrubsTube BaitsVibrator Fishing One big reason why bass fishing is so popular is baits and lures are the prime means to fish for it. Most anglers will never go for live bait or use real food for bass. But the truth is live bait especially live minnows work great for bass. Real worms works great for bass too. Many anglers reports great results using rubber eel for bass fishing.
Some believes that eels eat bass eggs, so when a bass sees eel, even if it doesn’t want to eat it, it will attack the eel. People catch stripped bass with kastmasters all the time. Kastmaster is noting but a shiny piece of metal with a hook at the end of it.
In this article we covered the most commonly used baits and lures for bass fishing. There are also some baits and lures used by anglers. If you happen to get a tip on one of those from a fellow anger, try it out, and let us know so that we can share with every one else.
For tips on fly fishing, visit our fly fishing section of this web site. Also check out our
book collection on many fishing topics.

Happy fishing.

Some Basics of Bass Fishing

Large mouth bass caught on fly


The more time you will spend fishing, the more you will learn about the techniques of fishing. You will acquire lots of knowledge about the “what, when, where and how ” of fishing. The best advice from the most experience would be, examine the fishing conditions, talk to other angler about baits and techniques they are using at the locations you are fishing in they are the ones who can give you the best info on where to find bass and above all, experiment yourself.
Every time you go fishing try something new. A new bait, a new lure, a new way of reeling in the line or even a new way of casting. I went fishing with a buddy once and he had these 12 inch rubber eels with him. When he recommended me to try one of those, I thought they are almost the size of the fish we were going to catch. I still tried one and in 10 minutes I hooked up a 32 inch Stripped Bass.

Below are some tips on Bass Fishing.

Bass Fishing Techniques

When using a bait, the lure has to reach the right depth before you shake the fishing rod tip. This way, the lure will attract the fish’s attention. Do this for about half a minute then shake again with few seconds interval, reel in a bit then repeat the process. If they are not biting, slow down a bit or move a little faster.

Few Tips

When fishing In the Spring, cast towards the deep water that is, keep your boat in the shallower water and cast towards the deep and use a 1/8 ounce weight.
When fishing in Fall, cast towards the shallower water with your boat in the deeper waters.

It’s a good idea to use a Texas rigged worm to prevent hang ups.

Keep the worm suspended 90% of the time when fishing out the worm.

During doodling, its important to keep the presentation natural by downsizing your hooks to 1/0 or lower and also paying delicate attention to how straight your bait is in order to maintain a natural presentation.

Fishing in crystal clear water can be tough. For successful fishing with weenie worms is to keep the line slack and shaking the bait and avoid dragging. Movement of the rod and the light line gives your bait an amazing action that the fish can barely ignore.

Night fishing for Bass

During hot Summer days when the Bass stops hitting in day light and when the heat becomes uncomfortable in the lakes, its time to go night fishing. Night fishing works great usually when the water temperature is in the mid 60s or warmer .

Where to find Bass

Lets talk a little about where to find bass. Finding the best bass fishing spot is a popular topic anglers talk about, and finding the right night fishing spot is another question all anglers ask. Large mouth and small mouth Bass usually don’t move great distances. With the exception of Stripped Bass. Small mouth Bass are known to be stationed at a location. However during hot summer days bass will move towards the deeper waters and as temperature goes down, will start moving into the less warmer water. Even at night in many lakes bass wont come shallow in hot summer days. Night fishing is known to be effective for bass within the 20-foot zone.

Few more bass fishing tips

When you know the location of your targeted fish, cast your lure past the fish. Try to cast without a big noise so that your cast doesn’t freak out the fish.
In windy conditions, use tension on the line right when the lure hit’s the water to avoid the line from being blown to obstructions.

There are different ways of casting, low trajectory, flipping, pitching, sidearm casting, underarm casting are some of them. Learn them as in different situations you will find different casting methods useful.
Using a quality rod and reel will improve your fishing dramatically. For bass fishing using a medium action rod works better than too stiff or too soft rods.
Hold the stem of the rod and the line with right hand when casting, hold the back of the rod with left hand. This way you will have better control on your cast and will be able make a strong cast. Eventually it will allow your cast to be a long one.
To get some extra momentum for the cast, lower down the lure about a foot from the rod tip before casting.
Be sure not to over fill the reel with fishing lines. Over filling will cause the lines to get tangled. When filling the spool, keep the top 1/8 inch empty. Overfilling will keep you busy with your fishing lines, not with the fish.

When using plastic worm, use a glass bead between the weight and the worm.
When you have a hit, keep tension on the line so that the fish don’t get slack on the line, it will prevent the hook from coming loose from the fish’s mouth.
Recommended lines are 17 to 25 lbs for bait casting and 10 to 14 lbs for spinners. For more on Bass Fishing Lures check out “Lures for Bass Fishing: Right Lure Lands Big“.

Planning prior a fishing trip is very important part of angling. Make sure you take with you enough of the baits and lures you will use, a line clipper, nose pliers, a knife, some spare weight and hook are must haves in your tackle box. Check the weather forecast and tide time before heading to fishing. Try to learn about the environment bass lives in. knowing where the bass can be found at any given time is something you must know. Remember when site fishing, if you caught nothing with 20 casts on the same spot, there is no fish in that spot, move on to a new spot.

You will learn more with every catch you make. There is always a pattern for fishing in any area. Once you know the pattern you will know when the action will be in peak and when it will slow down, and also similar locations will usually have similar patters for fishing actions. When action slows down just move on to a new location.

Freshwater Trout Fishing

Fresh water trout


History of Fishing on Earth is about 40,000 years old. It started as a way of collecting food but today for many communities in different parts of the world, fishing was a means for survival. As civilization made progress fishing didn’t just become an inseparable part of our diet, it also became a very attractive sport for many community around the world. Especially in North America it’s a very popular sport.

Anglers tend to learn and find different new ways to fish. There is a very strong need of different contexts of fishing tips and techniques. For most anglers learning about different types of fishing is very exciting and interesting. Fishing Books and fishing articles are like the shortcut ways to get experience on fishing.

Trout Fishing

Trout is a common freshwater fish. They are usually at the top of the food chain of the water body they live in and the Trout is considered a very good sport fish. In the past the success of Trout fishing would be judged by how many of these fish an angler had caught. But over fishing caused this species to decline in numbers greatly. Today due to regulations and due to educated angling, the number of trout is on the rise again. Most angler these days practice catch and release of Trout which makes and angler responsible and caring for the sport of fishing and also for the environment. This also preserve the population of fish for generations to come.

Brown Trout

The Brown Trout is the most popular trout among the trout anglers, they are commonly found in many streams on the northern USA and Canada. They also put up a good fight when hooked and provide a lot of excitement for the anglers. Catching a brown trout also is like a test of fishing skills. Brown Trout mostly feeds on the surface so its almost like designed for anglers. Especially for fly fishing, brown Trout is a good target. Its lives in cold water, usually in lakes and streams. A lot of times Brown Trout is seen jumping out of the water. The world record Brown Trout was caught in 1992 in Arkansas which weighed about forty pounds.

Rainbow Trout

Rainbow Trout is one of the most glamorized fish for fishing. Its also one of the most popular among the anglers. But its actually not a Trout at all. Scientist have recently determined that the Rainbow Trout is actually a smaller species of the Pacific Salmon. Rainbow trout is considered a peaceful fish. Even though its family heritage is not the same they coexist in the same water body with other species of fishes. The brown trout lives in calmer, slow moving water but the rainbow trout is the opposite. Its lives in oxygen rich fast moving water. Its beauty and fight during angling makes it a favorite among the anglers.

Brook Trout or The Brookie

There is another species of Trout that is not actually a trout. Known as “Brookie”, the brook trout is found in the cooler streams of the north-eastern USA. Its actually related to the Char. The Brooke Trout is more related to the lake trout rather than a member of the trout family. The brook trout is a special attraction for an angler for it is found only in the wilderness waters. Presence of the brook trout in a water body tells the angler that the water of that place is pure and the ecology is still unpolluted. The brook trout is well known for its beauty. Its also know as an dumb fish as there are many fish that are harder to catch. A fourteen pound Brookie was caught in the Nipigon River in Ontario Canada that set the world record for Brook trout.

Other Trouts

There are some other trout species out there. Red trout is one of them. It usually hides in weed and treered trout branches. And there is the deeper water lake trout. Most of these trouts are protected by law to maintain their population. The law requires anglers to release trouts of up to a certain size. The size varies from state to state. An angler should know about the legal size to bring home before you set out go trout fishing. With these programs and responsible angling practice, trouts will continue to provide the anglers fun for many years to come.

Fishing Etiquette

Fishing Etiquette No Etiquette when fishing with others can create a Fishing War.

Angling with others

Recently I took my son fishing. I found out that one of the ponds of our town was stocked with trout the previous day. The words were spreading fast that the pond was stocked with about 2200 Rainbow Trout. Obviously I was not the only one who had this information. When we reached the pond I felt like the whole town was there to get their share of the Trout. The size of the trout released into the pond was about 10-12 inch range, some were even over 12 inches. It was like a zoo at the bank of the pond. As I watched others fishing, I felt like most of them has no idea of proper fishing etiquette. When anglers doesn’t know some etiquette of fishing, fishing becomes chaotic.

When I started fishing with my fishing buddy Stan Vern a very good friend, he started by giving me tips on the rules of the water. He always said “when you share a fishing location with other anglers, show them respect and they will do the same to you”. In fact the best way to learn about a fishing location and about anything about fishing is from your fellow anglers, so you do want to show some courtesy when you are fishing with others.
As I watched many fishing veterans, I notices that they are all fishing with a sense of unity among. You have to pay special attention to how you cast when you are fishing with other anglers. You would never want to cast on top of another’s fishing line. It doesn’t take much to get the lines tangles up and create nuisance. When fishing close to other anglers, wait for your turn to cast. Not to mention saying hello hi sometimes.

To talk about that fishing trip to the pond with my boy, my boy’s and my lines were out in the water casted about 2 / 3 feet apart and there comes another fisherman, drops his stuff on the ground like he doesn’t care about the world and SPLASH goes his cast right over two of our lines. After few minutes when I wanted to check my bait, all three rods started to bounce like crazy. We had all our lines tangles up only because of one bad, careless cast.

Everyone has their own reason for going fishing. Some goes fishing for food, some goes for fun, some loves to spend time in nature and some goes fishing for just sport. Many anglers like me will have fun and sport in the top of the list. How much fun can you have if you have to spend time untangling your line with another’s multiple times a day ? Its not just waste of time, waste of line and bait its also very very annoying. I am not saying everyone will cast where you want them to cast, but cast without bothering your fellow angler. And when your cast goes to the wrong place, fix it right away. Remember this tip, most of the times if your cast goes over another’s line, reel it fast before your bait sinks too far. This way you will be able to retrieve your hook and bait over the other line before it touches it.

Going back to that fishing trip to the pond, as our fishing day went on, it got more and more annoying as the same angler went on casting wherever, his casts were going everywhere and getting tangles up with ours. It appeared that he doesn’t really care that he was causing such frustration for others around him. After fishing for about an hour I felt like we were not paying attention to fishing anymore, we were paying more attention to his casting to keep our lines safe. I had enough of it. I grabbed my rod and got my boy packing up too. So ended our fishing for that day.

I am sharing this story hoping that it will remind us to be courteous to other anglers and encourage to follow some simple fishing guidelines.

Always remember:
a. If your cast doesn’t go where it should, wheel it back and cast again.
b. There is always enough space for fishing for everyone so please yield to the space of the angler next to you. Unless you are looking for combat fishing, it’s a different story.
c. If you are annoyed by something the other angler does, he will be annoyed when you do it, so show your respect and you shall receive the same.

Happy fishing.

Styles of Fly Fishing


It is Style that makes Fly Fishing so Unique

Fly fishing is very different than bait fishing or fishing with any other lures. Fly fishermen uses artificial fly made with a hook with tiny pieces of feather, foam, animal hide, fur, yarn, cotton, and other materials tied around it. It is usually designed in such a way that when in the water, it will mimic the look a small bait fish. The look and type of the fly will vary based on the type of fish you are fishing for. Every angler has his own preferences of what type of fly he will use. Fishing flies are available in bait and tackle stores, online. But many fly fishermen like to tie their own fishing fly. Tying a fly for fishing is like an art for someone with some basic training. It doesn’t really take much time to learn how to make flies for fishing if you have the right tools.

Angling with Dry Fly

The most common and traditional fly for fly fishing is dry fly. The fly is made of dry material tied to a metal hook and it will float over the location of the targeted fish. The movement of the fly will lure the fish to the surface and the fish will strike the fly to get it.

You will work the fly rod to make sure the fish hooked can’t spit out the fly and will try to make it tired enough so that you can get it in your net. One reason of popularity of this kind of fly fishing is because as the action happens on the surface, you can not only feel but also see the action and the whole fight the fish puts up. However some species of trout and some other fish usually feed under water, so when you notice the fish rising to the surface, it is time to put the dry flies in action.

Angling with Wet Fly

Wet flies are the flies that sinks in the water and angler will take them passing the fish luring them to strike the fly.

Most insects and flies that lives close to the water will lay their eggs in the water. When the eggs hatch nymphs will come out. Nymphs will swim up to the surface of the water and within few days they will turn into flies. Right after they hatch and start swimming up towards the surface, an aquatic feast begins. Nymph is favorite food of many fish. Angler’s wet flies are designed to mimic the movement of nymphs in the water. Many of the wet flies are also designed to mimic the shape of bait fish.

Angling with Artificial Nymph

The artificial nymphs used for nymph fishing are made heavier than the real nymphs so that they stay in the water. As most of the action will take place under the water, it’s a challenge for the angler because he may not be able to see when a fish is about to strike. This even increase the fun of this type of angling.

Angling species for Fly Fishing

Any fish that can be caught on a hook can be caught by fly fishing. But anglers preferred species for fly fishing are trout, salmon, bass, chars and most other game fish. One reason why trout is popular angling species for fly fishing is because they mostly feed on small insects in less deep water. If you go fishing close to the coast in the north, you will find fly fishing for salmon a very challenging but rewarding experience. A 40 pound heavy salmon will make you work hard when hooked on a fly, it may make you sweat in a cold fall fishing day making you running up and down the beach trying to defeat it in the stamina game.

The Holy Grail of Angling

The fly fishing sport has gained ever increasing popularity over the years. Most will agree it is just not about catching the fish but in the delivery of the fly and the skill and knowledge in the pursuit. Fly fishing is an artistic way of fishing.

Some fly fisherman regard fly fishing as the holy grail of fishing. It is more relaxing and some say a better past time than golf. The sport of fly fishing sees people from all walks of life. Fly fishing is known to be more environmentally friendly than all other methods of angling because it does less harm to the fish then other styles of fishing. When fishing with a bait, a lot of times the hook will end up in the stomach of the fish which may kill it even if released. Flies from fly fishing are always hooked in the mouth of the fish, so its barely life threatening for the fish. Most anglers will catch and release when they are fly fishing.

The art of fly fishing will get in to your blood and you will peruse the quite of the streams or the solitude of the ocean beaches to capture you prey.

Happy fishing.